Who deals with "nano"
In recent years, the interest in nanoelectronics from major corporations and states has gained a worldwide scale. Work programs for nanotechnology were developed and successfully implemented in different countries. The National Nanotechnology Initiative was established in the United States, and a special committee was organized under President to coordinate the work in the major industrial sectors, as well as were created a numerous centers of nanotechnology development.
The work programs for nanotechnology has received top national priority in Japan, as well as in Europe, where more than 40 laboratories conduct research and development funded by both national and international programs. Work programs for nanotechnology acquired state status in France, UK, China and even in relatively small countries like the Netherlands and Finland.
In Russia, the basic research on nanotechnology is conducted on several programs. In 2007, a federal law that provides organization of the State Corporation of Nanotechnologies ("Rosnanotech"). The Corporation aims to support the implementation of the state policy in the field of nanotechnology, finance investment projects of nanotechnology products, to develop infrastructure in the field of nanotechnology and maintain training and retraining of staff.
Nowadays are regularly held numerous international conferences and forums dedicated to various aspects of nanotechnology, published thousands of articles and monographs, there is an intensive preparation for the creation of nanoelectronic elements and various functional units. Nanomaterials are already being used, for example for targeted medicine delivery, creating of nanofilters, water-repellent coatings, etc. In the future their sphere of use will be constantly expanding.
Currently, more than thirty companies and organizations of the Ministry of Industry, the State Military-Industrial Committee, the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus are somehow related to production of electronics. The main goal of the development of radio electronic enterprises is the access to the modern technological level in the development of electronic components base. Development of new products on the one hand will increase the competitiveness of enterprises in the Republic of Belarus on the foreign market, on the other hand will give an opportunity to significantly reduce the cost of imports as finished products for domestic and industrial use, as well as components. For example, production of CMOS integrated circuits with design rules of 0.35 microns to 200 mm diameter wafers in "Integral" is being deployed. Release of products at 0.35 micron technology level would greatly provide the component base for industries such as television (JSC "Horizont", JSC "Vityaz"), computer equipment (JSC "МPОVТ"), and telecommunications (JSC "МPОVТ", JSC "PROMSVYAZ", JSC "Lyos", RUE "Sputnik"), production of measuring equipment for all industries (OJSC "Amkodor Belvar", JSC "MNIPI").