The most interesting from a practical point of view results obtained in 2011-2015 within the framework of state scientific research programs "Electronics and Photonics", "Functional and composite materials, nanomaterials", "Convergence".
Program "Electronics and Photonics"
Development of design and manufacture technology of MEMS components (MEMS), using nanostructured silicon burning energy (Prof. Lazarouk S.K.)
Development of scientific principles and formation methods of radiation-resistant films of ferroelectric and polycrystalline silicon for use as a non-volatile memory elements, capacitor structures and converters from X-ray into the visible emission (Prof. Gaponenko N.V.)
Development and research of field emission cathode elements on the basis of metal structures in a regular matrix of anodic alumina (Dr. Goroh G.G.)
Development of ERS(GRS)-active materials manufacturing technology based on nanostructured silver films on porous silicon for biomedical sensors (Dr. Bondarenko A.V.)
Development of electromechanical methods of semiconductor heterostructures forming based on nanostructured layers of tin sulfide and constructions of thin-film photovoltaic cells (Dr. Utkin E.A.)
Development of the deposition process of zinc oxide doped with rare earth elements thin films for photovoltaic energy converters (Dr. Chubenko E.B.)
Development of an integrated in a silicon crystal system emitter-optical waveguide based on nanostructured materials for biosensors of ultra-low concentrations of organic molecules (Prof. Smirnov A.G.)
Simulation of nanoscale objects based on the tin sulfide and zinc oxide and the establishment of changes their electronic and optical properties by modifying the structure (Prof. Borisenko V.E.)
Development of methods, algorithms, and special software to extract and identify the Spice-parameters of nanoscale semiconductor devices (Dr.Stempitsky V.R.)
The main results obtained in the framework of these projects are as follows. A MEMS componentmanufacturing technology using nanostructured silicon burning energy has been developed. The system construction is developed on the basis of these components, providing high value MEMS mechanical momentum. Integrated field emission elements based on nanoemitters in the anodic alumina pores have been developed using MEMS technology and electrochemical treatment. The method of structures manufacturing allows to create a MEMS universal system.
The regularities of the synthesis of ferroelectric films and silicon-germanium nanoclusters have been established. The scientific bases of technology of non-volatile memory elements and radiation-resistant phosphors synthesis have been developed. An emitter and an optical waveguide based on nanostructured materials integrated in a silicon chip are made and investigated, practical recommendations for the creation of organic molecules biosensors based on them are worked out.
ERS(GRS)-active substrates based on nanostructured silver films on porous silicon have been made, their structural and optical properties are studied. The recommendations on the use of ERS(GRS)-active materials based on nanostructured silver films on porous silicon as an element of biomedical sensors are worked out.
A laboratory process of semiconductor heterostructures formation based on tin sulfide for thin-film photovoltaic cells have been developed. Experimental samples of zincoxide films doped with rare earth elements are manufactured, comprehensive studies of their characteristics are performed. The ways of using them for photovoltaic energy converters are suggested.
Theoretical modeling of nanoscale objects based on a tin sulfide and zinc oxide have been performed. Thepossibilitiesof the optical characteristics changing of tin sulfide and zinc oxide nano-objects by modifying their structure, doping with different elements and the presence of defects are established, as well as the practical recommendations for their application to build photovoltaic power converters are developed. Methodical, algorithmic and software for extraction, verification and optimization of the SPICE-parameter models of microelectronic devices fabricated by submicron design rules based on the results of field/computer experiments are created.
Program "Functional and composite materials, nanomaterials"
Development of scientific bases of the chemical method for creating nanoporous silicon on flexible substrates for the lithium-ion batterieselements (Prof. Borisenko V.E.)
Development of formation technology of nanostructured titanium oxide for the production of anti-reflection coatings and planar waveguides for optical interconnects on silicon chips (Prof. Lazarouk S.K.)
Development of semiconductor heterostructures of titanium and copper oxides for integrated electronic and optical energy converters (Dr. Danilyuk A.L.)
Development of photovoltaic ultraviolet detectors based on nanostructured zinc oxide (Dr.Chubenko E.B.)
Development and research of matrix films and coatings based on nanoporous dielectric matrix, carbon and metal nanostructures for advanced applications in functional coatings and sensors (Dr. Goroh G.G.)
Development of technological principles of SiO2/Si templates forming with vertical channels in the silicon oxide layer to create a two-dimensional magneto-sensitive ferromagnet-semiconductor nanostructures (Dr. Baranov I.L.)
Magnetic and magnetoresistive properties of nanocomposite materials based on porous anodic alumina for nanoelectronics multifunction devices (Dr. Outkina E.A.)
Thin-film thermoresistive elements with islet-mesh nanostructure for precision microwave power meters (Dr.Pligovka A.N.)
Development of physical and technological methods for the formation of magnetic composite structures based on carbon nanotubes for information processing elements (Prof. Labunov V.A.)
Development of LIGA-like technology of formation of vertical metal contacts to carbon nanotubes arrays (Dr. Timoshkov Yu.V.)
Development and research of formation technology of semiconductor heterojunctions of organic and hybrid photovoltaic cells based on organic and carbon nanomaterials for solar energetics (Labunov VA, Dr.)
Formation and research of composite gas-sensitive coatings based on nanoporous matrices, nanostructured films of metal oxides and metal nanostructures for thermal catalytic elements of sensor platforms (Dr. Goroh G.G.)
Development of methods for the synthesis of nanostructured composite materials based on polymers and carbon nanotubes (Prof. Labunov V.A.)
Develop a technology for forming aluminum bases with nanoscale anodic alumina films for use in LED lamps with improved heat sink (Prof. Sokol V.A.)
Develop a technology for forming a multi-functional nanomesh relief coatings for LCD and OLED-displays with improved performance characteristics (Prof. Smirnov A.G.)
Development of the formation process of zinc oxide nanowires arrays in porous semiconducting and dielectric matrices with electrochemical methods for the development of advanced optoelectronic devices (Dr.Bondarenko V.P.)
Development of electrochemical methods for the formation of filamentary indium antimonide nanostructures in porous dielectric matrices for the development of advanced optoelectronic devices (Dr. Goroh G.G.)
Development and research of formation methods of extended field emission cathodes with specified electrophysical parameters based on carbon and metal-carbon materials in CVD processes using injected and localized at the substrate catalysts (Prof. Labunov V.A.)
Development of formation processes of micro- and nanoelements based on nanostructured anodic alumina for cryoelectronic schemes (Dr.Karatkevich A.V.)
Formation and research of composite magnetoresistive films obtained by nanoporous matrices filling with ferrimagnetic nanoparticles (Dr. Goroh G.G.)
Superconducting volatile valve on the basis of nanostructures superconductor-ferromagnet (Prof. Prischepa S.L.)
Design, manufacture and research of structural, magnetic and magnetotransport properties of composite multilayer nanostructures (magnetic nanocomposites) based on porous silicon for the creation of new spintronic elements, visualization and protection of information (Prof. Prischepa S.L.)
Development and research of hybrid coatings with micro- and nanoscale conductive, magnetic and dielectric inclusions for use as absorbers of electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range (Dr.Nasonova N.V.)
Study of regularities and development of formation processes of nanocomposite thin-film materials based on nickel under conditions of a program-controlled non-stationary electrolysis in the electrolyte with the introduction of the dispersed phase and the ultrasonic vibration (Prof. Khmyl A.A.)
Theoretical modeling of the properties of diluted semiconductors CuIn5S8 and FeIn2S4 and investigation of their doping capabilities for use in spintronics (Prof. Borisenko V.E.)
Development of models to calculate the electrical properties of quantum-dimensional nanostructures based on graphene, which operate on the resonant tunneling effect (Prof. Abramov I.I.)
The first principles study of the electronic properties of elastic-deformed low-dimensional (2D) nanostructures as an advanced materials for spintronics and sensor technology (Dr. Stempitsky V.R.)
Development of models of the magnetic structure and magnetotransport effects in magnetic nanocomposites based on porous media (Dr. Podryabinkin D.A.)
The following results were obtained under the performing of these projects. The laws of the chemical formation of nanoporous silicon on flexible substrates have been determined. The ability of the lithium ions intercalation by nanoporous silicon during electrochemical charging processeshave been investigated. Design and technological bases of silicon anodes for lithium-ion batteries manufacture have been developed.
Planar waveguides based on nanostructured oxides of aluminum and titanium, integrated with light emitting diodes and photodetectors on a silicon chip have been designed and manufactured. The design is developed, manufactured and studied of a sample of the photoelectric ultraviolet range detector based on nanostructured zinc oxide film. The methods of creating thin-film metal oxide thermoresistive cells based on nanostructured islet-mesh films for precision power meters have been developed.
Electronic mechanisms of catalytic processes on the surface of copper and titanium oxides have been established. Design of heteronanostructures for efficient electromagnetic energy conversion have been suggested.
A method of catalytic nanostructured coatings forming based on nanoparticles and clusters of metals and metal oxides, allowing to create the catalytic surface of greater efficiency that resulted in increase the speed and threshold of response to low concentrations of flammable gases have been developed. The technology is developed, researched and optimized for the processes of formation of organic and hybrid photovoltaic cells based on low molecular weight and oligomeric organic and carbon nanomaterials. The technology of functional layers forming on the basis of self-organizing nanomesh aluminum films for LCD and OLED-displays with improved performance characteristics have been developed.
An experimental sample of one-dimensional structures of zinc oxide in the semiconductor and dielectric matrices are created and complex investigations of their characteristics are performed. Methods of regular arrays local synthesis of AIIIBV binary semiconductor compounds, such as indium antimonide, in porous anodic alumina matrix are developed and investigated, their electrical, structural and optical properties are studied. Recommendations on the use of developed structures for the development of advanced optoelectronics productscreation are worked out.
Methods of creating the matrix films and coatings based on dielectric nanoporous matrices, carbon and metallic nanostructures promising for applications as functional coatings in electronic devices, friction units, sensors and biomedicine are developed. A promising nanocomposite material based on carbon nanotubes with specific electrophysical parameters having mechanical strength, flexibility and conductivity, for creating elementary base of innovative microwave and nanoelectronic devices are created.
A basic cost-effective technology for producing vertical metal contacts to the array of carbon nanotubes of 50-100 microns thick are developed. The Hall elements and sensors based on magnetoresistive effect with vertical metal contacts are designed, manufactured and tested. The methods of formation of extended field emission cathodes with specified electrophysical parameters based on carbon and metal-carbon materials in CVD processes using injected and localized on the substrate catalysts are developed.
Aluminum bases with nanoscale anodic alumina films for use in LED lamps with improved heat dissipation are created. Formation technology using SiO2/Si templates laser lithography with vertical channels in the silicon oxide layer to create a two-dimensional magneto-sensitive ferromagnet-semiconductor nanostructures are developed. Shielding coatings based on the silicon containing magnetic, conductive and dielectric additives and providing effective absorption of electromagnetic energy in the microwave range are developed. The nanocomposite coating on the basis of nickel with a wide range of operating properties and a method for its preparation on a periodic current when exposed to ultrasound are created.
Research and development of sensitive structures based on titanium and aluminum oxides for electrochemical and membrane biosensors (Prof. Lazaruk S.K.)
Development of methods for the formation of biosensitive systems of microorganisms detection based on nanostructured materials for resistive-capacitive type sensors (Dr. Goroh G.G.)
Development of formation processes of biosensors based on modified nanoporous alumina and Langmuir films for fluorescence immunoassay (Dr. Wrublevski I.A.)
Modification of the photocatalytic activity of nanostructured oxides and creation of a model unit for photocatalytic purification of water from organic and bactericidal pollution on their basis (Prof. Borisenko V.E.)
Development and exploration of the physical, chemical and technological basis for the creation of highly efficient solar cells, light-emitting panels and display devices based on nanostructured organic and inorganic materials, including flexible media (Prof. Smirnov A.G.)
Modification and self-organization of composite nanostructures on the basis of various allotropic carbon forms in the CVD processes (Prof. Labunov V.A.)
Development of measuring transducers based on nanoporous titanium, tantalum and aluminum oxides for the study of membrane-based biological processes at LB-monolayers with carbon nanotubes (Prof. Abramov I.I.)
Creating a film capacitive notFaraday type sensors based on carbon nanotubes (Dr. Vorobyova A.I.)
Development of construction principles of radio receiving devices based on carbon nanotubes (Prof. Abramov I.I.)
Development of synthesis methods of graphene structures through CVD (Dr. Komissarov I.V.)
Develop a model of charge transport and magnetoresistance of graphene structures formed by CVD (Dr. Danilyuk A.L.)
The electrical and magnetotransport properties of graphene structures formed by CVD (Prof. Prischepa S.L.)
Quantum-mechanical simulation of spin, electronic and optical properties of diamond-like nanostructures with nitrogen-vacancy defect complexes used in quantum information processing devices (Dr. Filonov A.B.)
Develop designs of spintronic elements based on plasma effects initiated by electromagnetic and laser radiation in magnetic nanomaterials (Dr. Danilyuk A.L.)
The development of scientific methodology and practical recommendations for the development of nanotechnologies in the Republic of Belarus (Prof. Borisenko V.E.)
The regularities that provide high forming self-organization of film nanostructures and membranes of titanium and aluminum oxides for sensing elements of electrochemical and membrane typemeasuring transducers, which will be significantly reduced noise in their interactions with heterogeneous biological environment are revealed. Transducers samples of electrochemical and membrane type for fluid heterogeneous media are designed and manufactured. The methods of biosensitive systems creating that detect various microorganisms on the basis of thin-film resistive-capacitive type sensors are developed. Methods of creating high-sensitivity sensor device systems based on nanoporous alumina with relatively little time for the analysis of biological and medical applications are offered.
A photo catalytically active materials are obtained using nanostructured films of refractory metal oxides. A model device for water photocatalytic purification from organic and bactericidal pollution are created.
The methods for multi-level composite media creating, as well as methods for arrays of functionalizedmagnetic carbon nanotubes synthesizing, magnetic functionalization and control of the internal structure of the array and its surface geometry are developed. New regularities in the formation technology of integral-type capacitive measuring transducers with electrodes containing nanoscale thickness coating from nanoporous anodic oxide for nanocomposite structures with the type of LB-monolayer with an integrated CNTs array are determined. Laboratory samples of transducers for the study of biological processes are developed and manufactured. The technological methods of sensing elements manufacture with high sorption capacity for biological sensors as well as functional devices of opto- and of nanoelectronics new generation. The simulation system of nanoelectronic devices NANODEV are upgraded, allowing to investigate the electrophysical and radioengineering properties and characteristics of active and selective elements based on carbon nanotubes.
The structural, electrical and magnetotransport properties of graphene are established. The mechanisms of charge transport and magnetoresistance in a wide temperature range are revealed. A mathematical model for the calculation of the graphene basic characteristics are created. The type and concentration of the majority charge carriers and graphene monolayers Hall coefficients at different temperatures are determined. The influence of magnetic field on the transport properties of graphene monolayers are investigated. The material based on graphene structures for creation of the elementary base of innovative opto- and nanoelectronics devices are prepared.
The basic regularities of optical spectra of diamond-like nanostructures are established from ab initio calculations. The prospects of the use of nanostructures investigated in various designs of single-photon light sources for quantum information processing systems are estimated. The mechanisms of effects manifest of switching and oscillations of the magnetic nanoparticles magnetization as well as plasma oscillations excitation under the influence of electromagnetic and laser radiation are established. Proposals for the use of established mechanisms for the creation of new spintronic elements of information processing and transmission are suggested. Construction and operation principles of single-domain magnetic memory element switched by laser pulses, and the design of the electromagnetic radiation generator, controlled by electromagnetic radiation are developed.
A systematic approach to the development of carried out in the Republic of Belarus research in the field of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials with the use of modern information technologies is worked out. The revision of a specialized online resource (website) dedicated to nanotechnologies and nanomaterials in the Republic of Belarus, as well as its development and promotion are performed.
Development and research of silicon-organic-water-coal suspension for diesel fuel (Prof. Labunov V.A.)
Development of electrochemical formation technology of nanostructured coatings for optoelectronics and nanophotonics devices (Prof. Smirnov A.G.)
Computer modeling of the interaction of nanostructured objects with biomolecular structures in order to optimize process parameters in medical and biological applications (Dr. Stempitsky V.R.)
Spin transfer and nanoengineering of superconductivity critical states in multilayer nanostructures superconductor/ferromagnet (Prof. Kushnir V.N.)
The methods and means to enhance the efficiency of an emulsion fuel based on the crushed brown coal and nanostructured silicon powders are developed.
The technology of creating of nanostructured functional coatings for display and optoelectronic devices new generation are created.
A technique for the use of software tools of quantum mechanical and molecular dynamics simulations to describe the interaction of biological objects with a solid surface is developed. Interaction activity of biomolecules with nanoporous materials in order to predict the studied system compatibility are estimated.
The results of solving the problems of the "spin switch", the upper critical magnetic fields, the triplet states with an arbitrary number of bilayers, which will lead to the development of S/F structures critical state theory at a qualitative level are obtained. Principles for the development of new low-temperature electronics and spintronics devices, which could be the basis for diagnostic and power supply control devices are drawn up.